See note Jonah 1:21a. The prophecies of both Jonah and Nahum relate to the city of Nineveh. Whereas Jonah brought, or extended, God’s salvation to that sinful city, Nahum brought God’s judgment upon it. Jonah reveals that God in His salvation is the God of all the peoples of the earth, not only of the Jews but also of the Gentiles (see note Jonah 4:111). Nahum reveals that God is also the God of all peoples in His judgment. Thus, God is the God of all peoples both in judgment and in salvation.
Although He extended His salvation to Nineveh, God judged Nineveh because Nineveh was sinful and invaded Israel (2 Kings 15:19-20, 29; 17:3-6; 18:9-37; 19:1-37). Assyria was the first nation to devastate Israel, invading Israel more than one hundred years before the Babylonian invasion under Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:1-20; 25:1-21).