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D. Passing through the final examinations 20:1—21:4
1. Of the chief priests, scribes, and elders 20:1-19
Luke 20 :1 20:1 And on one of the days, as 1He was ateaching the people in the btemple and announcing the good news, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders ccame upon Him,
Luke 20 :2 20:2 And spoke, saying to Him, Tell us by what aauthority you do these things, or who is the one who gave you this authority?
Luke 20 :3 20:3 And He answered and said to them, I also will ask you one thing, and you tell Me:
Luke 20 :4 20:4 The abaptism of John, was it from bheaven or from men?
Luke 20 :5 20:5 And they reasoned together among themselves, saying, If we say, From heaven, He will say, Why did you anot believe him?
Luke 20 :6 20:6 But if we say, From men, all the people will stone us to death, for they are persuaded that John was a aprophet.
Luke 20 :7 20:7 And they answered that they did not know where it was from.
Luke 20 :8 20:8 And Jesus said to them, 1Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
Luke 20 :9 20:9 1And He began to speak to the people this aparable: A certain man bplanted a cvineyard and leased it out to dvinedressers and went eabroad for a considerable time.
Luke 20 :10 20:10 And at the proper time he asent a slave to the vinedressers so that they might give him some of the fruit of the vineyard; but the vinedressers bbeat him and sent him away empty-handed.
Luke 20 :11 20:11 And he went on to send another slave, but they beat that one also, and dishonored him, and sent him away empty-handed.
Luke 20 :12 20:12 And he went on to send a third, but that one also they wounded and threw out.
Luke 20 :13 20:13 And the master of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my son, the abeloved; they will 1probably respect this one.
Luke 20 :14 20:14 But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, This is the aheir; let us kill him that the inheritance may become ours.
Luke 20 :15 20:15 And they threw him aout of the vineyard and bkilled him. What then will the master of the vineyard do to them?
Luke 20 :16 20:16 He will come and adestroy these vinedressers and will give the vineyard to bothers. And when they heard this, they said, May it never happen!
Luke 20 :17 20:17 But He looked at them, and said, What then is this that is written, a"The stone which the builders rejected, this has become the head of the corner''?
Luke 20 :18 20:18 Everyone who falls on that astone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it shall crush him to powder and scatter him like bchaff.
Luke 20 :19 20:19 And the scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on Him in that hour; yet they feared the people, for they perceived that it was with them in view that He spoke this parable.
2. Of the Pharisees and Herodians 20:20-26
Luke 20 :20 20:20 1And they awatched Him closely and bsent spies who cfeigned themselves to be righteous, in order that they might lay hold on some dword of His, so as to edeliver Him up to the rule and authority of the fgovernor.
Luke 20 :21 20:21 And they questioned Him, saying, Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, 1and do not accept man's aperson, but teach the bway of God in truth.
Luke 20 :22 20:22 Is it lawful for us to pay ataxes to bCaesar, or not?
Luke 20 :23 20:23 But He perceived their acraftiness and said to them,
Luke 20 :24 20:24 Show Me a adenarius. Whose image and inscription does it have? And they said, Caesar's.
Luke 20 :25 20:25 And He said to them, Therefore arender the things that are Caesar's to Caesar, and the things that are God's to God.
Luke 20 :26 20:26 And they were not able to lay hold of a asaying of His in the presence of the people; and marveling at His answer, they kept silent.
3. Of the Sadducees 20:27-38
Luke 20 :27 20:27 1And some of the aSadducees, who say there is no bresurrection, came to Him and cquestioned Him,
Luke 20 :28 20:28 Saying, Teacher, Moses wrote for us, If anyone's brother has a awife and dies, and this one is childless, his brother should take the wife and raise up seed to his brother.
Luke 20 :29 20:29 There were then seven brothers. And the first took a wife and died childless;
Luke 20 :30 20:30 And the 1second;
Luke 20 :31 20:31 And the third took her; and similarly the seven also did not leave children and died.
Luke 20 :32 20:32 Finally the woman also died.
Luke 20 :33 20:33 In the resurrection, therefore, which one's wife does the woman become? For the seven had her as wife.
Luke 20 :34 20:34 And Jesus said to them, The asons of this age bmarry and are given in marriage,
Luke 20 :35 20:35 But those who are counted aworthy to obtain that 1age and the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage;
Luke 20 :36 20:36 For neither can they adie anymore, for they are equal to bangels, and they are csons of God, being sons of the dresurrection.
Luke 20 :37 20:37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses disclosed in the section concerning the abush, when he calls the Lord the God of bAbraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.
Luke 20 :38 20:38 Now He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to Him all men are aliving.
4. Muzzling all the examiners 20:39-44
Luke 20 :39 20:39 And some of the scribes answered and said, Teacher, You have spoken awell.
Luke 20 :40 20:40 For they 1ano longer dared to question Him about anything.
Luke 20 :41 20:41 1And He asaid to them, How is it that they say that the Christ is bDavid's son?
Luke 20 :42 20:42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms, a"The Lord said to my Lord, bSit at My right hand,
Luke 20 :43 20:43 Until I set Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet.''
Luke 20 :44 20:44 David therefore calls Him Lord, and how is He ahis 1son?
5. Warning against the scribes 20:45-47
Luke 20 :45 20:45 And as all the people were listening, He asaid to His disciples,
Luke 20 :46 20:46 1Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love agreetings in the bmarketplaces and chief seats in the synagogues and cplaces of honor at the dinners,
Luke 20 :47 20:47 Who devour widows' houses, and for a 1pretense make long prayers. These shall receive agreater 2judgment.
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