The sabbatical years
The Sabbath year
Then Jehovah spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,
Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you come into the land which I am giving you, the land shall observe a 1aSabbath
years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its produce;
But in the seventh year the land shall have a Sabbath of complete rest, a Sabbath to Jehovah; you shall 1not
sow your field nor prune your vineyard.
The aftergrowth of your harvest you shall not reap, and the grapes of your unpruned vine you shall not gather; the land shall have a year of complete rest.
And the Sabbath produce of the land shall be for 1food
for you; for you and for your male slaves and for your female slaves, and for your hired servant and for your stranger, who sojourns with you,
And for your cattle and for the animals that are in your land, shall all its produce be for food.
The jubilee (the pentecostal year)
And you shall count off 1seven
Sabbaths of years to yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of seven Sabbaths of years, that is, forty-nine years.
Then you shall sound aloud the ram’s horn in the seventh month on the tenth day of the month; on the 1aDay
of Expiation you shall sound the btrumpet
throughout all your land.
And you shall sanctify the 1fiftieth
year, and proclaim 2liberty
throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a 3ajubilee
for you; and each of you shall return to his 2possession
, and each of you shall return to his 2family
The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; you shall 1not
sow nor reap its aftergrowth nor gather from its unpruned vines.
For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its produce out of the field.
In this year of jubilee each one of you shall return to his possession.
And if you sell anything to your fellow countryman or buy from the hand of your fellow countryman, you shall not wrong one another.
to the number of years after the jubilee you shall buy from your fellow countryman; according to the number of crop years remaining he shall sell to you.
According to the extent of the years you shall increase its price, and according to the fewness of the years you shall diminish its price; for it is the number of crop years that he sells to you.
And you shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God; for I am Jehovah your God.
Regulations regarding the sabbatical years
Thus you shall observe My statutes, and you shall keep My ordinances and observe them, so that you dwell securely in the land.
Then the land will yield its fruit, and you will eat to be satisfied and dwell securely in it.
And if you should say, What shall we eat the seventh year if we do not sow or gather in our produce?
Then I will command My blessing for you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for 1three
When you sow in the eighth year you will eat of the old produce until the ninth year; until its produce comes in, you shall eat the old produce.
And the land shall not be sold in perpetuity, because the aland
; for you are bstrangers
and sojourners with Me.
And in all the land of your possession you shall provide for the 1redemption
of the land.
If your brother becomes poor and sells some of his possession, then his redeemer, the nearest arelative
, shall come and bredeem
what his brother has sold.
But if a man does not have anyone to redeem it, but he obtains the means and finds it sufficient to redeem it,
Then let him calculate the ayears
since its sale and restore the excess to the man to whom he sold it, and return to his possession.
But if he has not found sufficient means to restore it for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hand of the one who has purchased it until the year of ajubilee
; and in the jubilee it shall go out, and he shall return to his possession.
And if anyone sells a dwelling 1house
in a walled city, then he may redeem it until the end of a year from its sale; for a full year he shall have the right of redemption.
But if it is not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall pass in perpetuity to the one who purchased it throughout his generations; it shall not go out in the jubilee.
But the 1houses
of the villages which have no wall all around them shall be reckoned with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubilee.
As for the acities
of the Levites, that is, the 1houses
of the cities of their possession, the Levites shall have the permanent right of redemption.
And what can be redeemed from the Levites, that is, a house that was sold in a city of his possession, shall go out in the jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
But the 1field
of the suburbs of their cities may not be sold, for it is their perpetual possession.
And if your 1brother
, and 2he
is unable to support himself as he lives beside you, then you shall support him, like a stranger and a sojourner, so that he may live beside you.
Do not take any interest or gain from him, but fear your God, so that your brother may live beside you.
You shall not give him your money at interest nor give him your food for gain.
am Jehovah your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, to be your God.
And if your brother beside you becomes poor, and he 1sells
himself to you, you shall not make him serve as a slave.
He shall be beside you as a hired servant, as a sojourner; he shall serve beside you until the year of jubilee.
Then he shall go out from you, he and his children with him, and return to his own family, and he shall return to the possession of his forefathers.
For they are My aservants
, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves are sold.
You shall not rule over him with aseverity
, but you shall fear your God.
And as for your male slaves and female slaves whom you may have, they shall come from the 1nations
that are around you; from them you may buy male slaves and female slaves.
Moreover from the children of the strangers who sojourn among you, from them you may buy, and from their families who are with you, which they have begotten in your land; they also may be your possession.
And you shall make them an inheritance for your children after you, to receive as a possession; you may use them as permanent slaves. But you shall not rule over your brothers the children of Israel, one over another, with severity.
And if a stranger or sojourner with you can afford it, and your 1brother
beside him becomes poor and sells himself to the stranger or sojourner with you, or to the descendants of the stranger’s family;
After he has sold himself, he may be redeemed; one of his abrothers
may redeem him,
Or his uncle or his uncle’s son may redeem him, or any of his close relatives of his family may redeem him; or if he can afford it, he may redeem himself.
And he shall reckon with the one who bought him from the year that he sold himself to him until the year of jubilee, and the price of his sale shall be according to the number of years. The time he shall be with him shall be calculated like the time of a hired servant.
If there are still many years, in proportion to them he shall give back the amount for his redemption out of the money that he was bought for.
And if there are only a few years remaining until the year of jubilee, so he shall reckon with him. In proportion to his years he shall give back the amount for his redemption.
Like a servant hired year by year he shall be with him; he shall not rule with severity over him in your sight.
And if he is not redeemed by these means, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee, he and his children with him.
For the children of Israel are My servants; they are My aservants
whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; I am Jehovah your God.