Ordinances concerning living
Discernment in diet and abstaining from death
Jehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the animals which you may 1aeat
among all the beasts that are on the earth.
a divided hoof, that is, has its
hoof split in two, and
chews the cud among the beasts, that you may eat.
However these you shall not eat: of those that only
chew the cud or of those that only
have a divided hoof: the acamel
, for though it chews the cud, it does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean to you.
And the hyrax, for though it chews the cud, it does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean to you.
And the hare, for though it chews the cud, it does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean to you.
And the apig
, for though it has a divided hoof, that is, it has its
hoof split in two, it does not chew the cud; it is unclean to you.
You shall not eat of their flesh, nor shall you touch their carcasses; they are unclean to you.
These you may eat of all that are in the water: anything in the water that has 1fins
and scales, in the seas or in the rivers; these you may eat.
But anything that does not have fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, of anything that swarms in the waters and of any living animal which is in the waters, they are an abomination to you,
And they shall be an abomination to you; you shall not eat of their flesh, and their carcasses you shall regard as an abomination.
Anything in the water that does not have fins or scales is an abomination to you.
And these you shall regard as an abomination among the 1birds
; they shall not be eaten; they are an abomination: the great avulture
and the bearded vulture and the black vulture
And the kite and the falcon of every kind,
of every kind,
And the ostrich and the nighthawk and the sea gull and the hawk of every kind,
And the little owl and the cormorant and the great owl
And the white owl and the pelican and the carrion vulture
And the stork; the heron of every kind and the hoopoe and the bat;
insects that go on all
fours are an abomination to you.
Yet these you may eat of all flying insects that go on all
fours, which have 1legs
above their feet with which to leap on the earth;
These of them you may eat: the swarming alocust
of every kind and the swallowing locust of every kind and the cricket of every kind and the grasshopper of every kind.
But all the other
flying insects which have four feet are an abomination to you.
And by these you shall become unclean; whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening,
And whoever carries any part of their carcass shall 1wash
his clothes and be unclean until the evening.
For every beast which has a divided hoof but does not have its hoof
split in two or chew the cud is unclean to you; everyone who touches them shall be unclean.
And whatever goes on its paws, among all beasts that go on all fours, are unclean to you; whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.
And the one who carries their carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you.
And these are unclean to you among the 1swarming
things that swarm on the earth: the weasel and the mouse and the great lizard of every kind,
And the gecko and the land crocodile and the lizard and the sand lizard and the chameleon.
These are unclean to you among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are 1dead
shall be unclean 2until
And anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead shall be unclean, whether it is any article of wood or clothing or skin or sackcloth; any article which is used for any work must be put into 1water
, and it shall be unclean until the evening; then it shall be clean.
And any earthen vessel into which any of them falls, whatever is in it shall be unclean, and the 1vessel
you shall break.
that could be eaten shall be unclean if water from such a vessel
comes upon it, and any 1liquid
that may be drunk shall be unclean if it was
in any such
And everything on which part of their carcass falls shall be unclean — an oven or a stove shall be broken in pieces; they are unclean and shall continue to be unclean to you.
Nevertheless a 1spring
or a cistern collecting water shall be clean, but whatever touches their carcass shall be unclean.
And if any part of their carcass falls on any 1seed
for sowing, which is to be sown, it is clean.
But if water is put on the seed, and any part of their carcass fall on it, it is unclean to you.
And if any beast which you have for food dies, the one who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.
And he who eats some of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; the one who carries its carcass shall also wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.
Now every swarming thing that swarms upon the earth is an abomination; it shall not be eaten.
Whatever goes on its
stomach and whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet, even all the swarming things that swarm on the earth, you shall not eat them, for they are an abomination.
You shall not make yourselves abominable with any swarming thing that swarms, nor shall you make yourselves unclean with them, and so become defiled by them.
For I am Jehovah your God. Sanctify yourselves therefore, and abe
holy, for bI
am holy. And you shall not defile yourselves with any of the swarming things that move upon the earth.
For I am Jehovah, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God; ayou
shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
This is the law of the beast and of the bird, and of every living animal that moves in the waters, and of every creature that swarms upon the earth;
To make a distinction between the unclean and the 1clean
, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten.